Career opportunities in cybersecurity can be quite complicated and imprecise, as anticipated from a relatively new domain. The domain of cybersecurity encompasses a wide range of careers that can number in the hundreds while requiring a wide range of skill sets and specialties.

Thus, understanding the opportunities your professional path offers will help you select what specializations to choose, what competencies to develop, and how to achieve your ambition.

Here are some of the most popular cybersecurity career pathways to consider.

Cybersecurity Career Paths

Security Analyst

A security analyst is responsible for the organization’s digital security for which they work. Their major responsibility is to assess the company’s security procedures and policies, doing a complete audit to identify any weaknesses in its data security. A security analyst predicts future dangers and concerns.

The security analyst must also examine security software to safeguard the system, which entails configuring and customizing the program. Depending on the company, the security analyst audits the security budget, such as reviewing any contractors hired for security objectives.

The major responsibilities are:

  • Keep a close eye out for security flaws in networks and devices.
  • Inquire into any cybersecurity events, analyze the harm they create, and document them.
  • Install security and infrastructure.
  • Keep up with current IT security developments and news.
  • Create cybersecurity best practices and standards for the enterprise.

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The course will help you develop critical security skills to protect data and applications. They offer Interactive, immersive classes led by industry experts with 1:1 mentorship.

The following are typical prerequisites for the position of security analyst:

  • A bachelor’s degree (or higher) in computer science, information systems, information security, or a similar discipline is required.
  • Understanding popular cybersecurity solutions such as antivirus, anti-malware, firewalls, proxies, and SIEM.
  • Capability to identify and address cybersecurity flaws

Security Engineer

A security engineer’s primary task is to defend the employer’s network and systems from various cybersecurity threats. Security engineers assist firms in safeguarding sensitive data and are also in charge of developing secure systems and handling incoming cybersecurity problems.

Security analyst and engineer jobs often overlap in an organization, although a security engineer’s role is generally more static, whereas a security analyst’s role is more dynamic.

The major responsibilities are:

  • Creating, executing, monitoring, and improving the organization’s network security and solutions.
  • Identifying and resolving network and IT security issues
  • Addressing cybersecurity breaches and assaults
  • Understanding how to avoid account takeover attacks
  • Assuring the security of the organization’s critical data and network infrastructure

The following are prerequisites for the position of security engineer:

  • Bachelor’s degree (or higher) in computer science, systems engineering, information technology, or a related field is required.
  • Work experience in cybersecurity, including incident identification and response, is required.
  • Knowledge of standard cybersecurity solutions such as firewalls, antivirus, and others
  • Basic programming skills (Python, C++, Java, Ruby, and so on) are required.
  • The ability to perform under duress in the case of an assault

Security Architect

A security architect’s role is in line with planning, constructing, analyzing, and enforcing safety security and network systems for the organization for which they work. A security architect will be responsible for reviewing existing security systems, identifying weaknesses, and executing frequent system security testing.  Security architect is also responsible for responding to and minimizing the damages from an assault while employing the planned system in the case of a cyberattack.

The major responsibilities are: 

  • Deep knowledge of the organization’s IT infrastructure
  • Security architectures must be planned, designed, researched, and implemented.
  • Creating network device installation requirements and regulations
  • Timelines for system changes are being planned.
  • Creating security system cost estimates
  • As needed, test, evaluate, and update the final security system.
  • Directing the security team, assessing its performance, and maybe being responsible for security team education

The following are prerequisites for the position of security architect:

  • Bachelor’s degree (or higher) in computer science, systems engineering, information technology, or a related field is required.
  • Advanced cybersecurity credentials are a significant benefit.
  • 5-10 years of expertise in cybersecurity management or information technology risk management.
  • Leadership talents and communication with various individuals from various backgrounds are required.

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Security Administrator

The primary responsibility of a security administrator is to implement and manage the organization’s security mechanisms. The security administrator will check that the organization’s security mechanisms are protecting against data theft, malware, and other cyberattacks as planned.

A security administrator often works autonomously within protocols to safeguard the business against illegal access, data changes, and other dangers.

The major responsibilities are:

  • All IT security solutions must be installed, managed, and troubleshot.
  • Maintain a regular updating plan to ensure that all solutions are updated with the newest security patches.
  • Assuring that defensive metrics are available for each resource
  • Setting up security systems following cybersecurity standards
  • Monitoring website traffic for suspicious conduct regularly
  • Staff, supervisors, and executives are trained and counseled on cybersecurity best practices.
  • Understanding how to avoid scraping.

The following are prerequisites for the position of security administrator:

  • Associate’s degree (or higher) in computer science, information technology, cybersecurity, or a related profession. Training certificates in cybersecurity can also be beneficial.
  • Excellent interpersonal and communication abilities.
  • Analytical and problem-solving skills are required.

Security Software Developer

A security software developer creates security software while adhering to security best practices during the software design and development process. They work for a software development business tasked with developing specially designed security mechanisms.

The software developer must integrate security assessments and create viable solutions for each stage of software development in the software development process. Both programming and cybersecurity abilities are necessary for this position.

The major responsibilities are:

  • Create safe software solutions in collaboration with a team of other engineers.
  • Managing the planning, design, implementation, and testing of software
  • Create a plan for software security.
  • Prototyping solutions and designing them
  • Facilitate meetings with clients to learn about their requirements and preferences.

The following are typical prerequisites for the position of security administrator:

  • Associate’s degree (or higher) in computer science, information technology, cybersecurity, or a related profession. Training certificates in cybersecurity can be beneficial.
  • Understanding cybersecurity threat vectors that may be exploited in the process.
  • Analytical and problem-solving skills


With more people across the globe using the internet, there has never been a good opportunity to start a career in cybersecurity as more hackers are attempting to target inexperienced internet users and online companies, and the necessity for cybersecurity will only expand.

Anyone who enjoys technology and critical thinking will enjoy a career in cybersecurity. Choosing the right career pathway can assist you in planning the necessary steps to acquire the required training and qualifications to accomplish your ambition.

Great Learning’s Cyber Security course will help you learn concepts such as ethical hacking,  computer networks & security, cryptography, application security, vulnerability analysis, sniffing, SQL injection, malware threats, and security practices for businesses with hands-on experiences, 24×7 online support team, peer interaction and much more.

Enroll now and get your dream job.